The CCTV Spring Festival Gala
The CCTV Spring Festival Gala is a special program produced by China Central
Television, which has a yearly viewership of over 700 million viewers, making it one of the pmiere television programs of China. It also has the largest audience of any entertainment show in the world. The variety shows often features musical, dance, comedy, and drama performances. Performances of acrobatics and stage magic (often featuring foreign magicians) are also usually featured during the Gala. Every year's Spring Festival Evening is more exciting than that in pvious years, with the newer programs than ever before. At the same time also no lack of ancient Chinese art. Comic dialogues and a lot of comedies are not only satisfying the appetite of young people but also meeting the requirements of the elderly. The final countdown to the New Year is led by the hosts near the end of the show. Traditionally, the Gala is closed with the performance of the song "Can't Forget Tonight".
The Spring Festival Travel Rush
The Spring Festival Travel Rush, also known as Chunyun in Chinese, is considered to be the largest annual migration. It is the special period when china faces the big traditional holidays, such as the Spring Festival, which results in great transportation problems, especially on the train service. Millions of people working or studying out of the hometowns will go back home to reunite with families, which is the main reason to the rush. The rush usually begins 15 days ahead of the Spring Festival and 25 days after that. The volume of passenger traffic reaches its climax in the whole year.
During the days of Chunyun period, the transportation faces great challenges. The demand for tickets far exceeds the supply. Passenger flows will be concentrated in Beijing, Guangzhou, Chongqing, Wuhan and some other developed cities. Various measures are adopted to ease the transportation pssure by arranging the extra trains, opening 24-hour tickets sale windows and group tickets booking.
Chinese lantern is kind of ancient lamps and also called shining lantern. It was originated in 1800 years ago in Western Han Dynasty. Before the annual lunar New Year (the Spring Festival) or Lantern Festival, people hang red lanterns that symbolize the meaning of reunion, creating a festival atmosphere. Nowadays, festival lantern has become a symbol of Chinese festivals. In ancient years, most lanterns were made of bamboo, wood, straw, silk and so on. However, now some of the materials become cloth, plastic, iron wire. Meanwhile, the shape and color are much different from traditional ones.
According to the legend, Jiang Ziya was a Chinese historical and legendary figure who resided next to the Weishui River about 3000 years ago. After his was made an immortal, he had nothing to do but repsented some other immortals when they were absent. In the Spring Festival, every immortal went back to his own position, which meant that Jiang Ziya would be lonely. People who loved him would hang a lantern to make him warm. That’s the derivation of hanging lanterns in the Spring Festival.
People are very particular about the dinner in the New Year’s Eve. There are some principles. Firstly, the whole family must get together to show the reunion and harmony, which is the reason why the people who work out of hometown want to go home in Spring Festival. Secondly, the New Year’s dinner has to be very tasteful and delicious. Thirdly, the seats positions are rigorous. Mostly, the old people sit on the up seat, which shows the respect. Because old person has the superior position in a family and Chinese respect the old as a long-standing tradition. And then grandsons are in the middle seat to show the protection. Parents sit on those last seats because they are the strongest people in families. Every person drinks alcohol. Each family member sits around the table and talks while eating. It stands for the harmony and unity of a family.
Jiaozi, which is named dumpling as well, is necessary for traditional New Year’s dinner in the north of China, but not always in the same ways because of the different areas. In some place, people eat dumplings at the dinner while in some other places people eat them on the first day of the New Year. Eating dumplings is the special way for people to pray auspicious coming in the New Year.
Tag:春晚, 春运,灯笼 The CCTV Spring Festival Gala,The Spring Festival Travel Rush,Chinese lanterns